The events of Wounded Knee in 1973 arose from a growing tension between the federal government and Native American Tribes over the past two decades. It culminated in the suppression and opposition to the American Indian Movement. Beginning in 1968, they faced immediate discrimination and were targeted by the FBI and the CIA, who sought the abolishment of the movement. Ultimately, this firm opposition led to Russell Means marching thousands of protestors into Wounded Knee, and thrusting a standoff into the spotlight. The activists took control of the area for 71 days while the USMS, FBI and CIA cordoned off the area. There were 14 casualties and 1200 arrests. Russell Means chose the location of Wounded Knee for it's symbolism and historical significance, namely, the Wounded Knee Massacre just 83 years prior.